In Early November/December 2019, a pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. On 31 December 2019, The Chinese Government finally acknowledged the outbreak, which was traced to a novel strain of coronavirus, which was given the interim name 2019-nCoV by the World Health Organization (WHO), and later renamed SARS-CoV-2 by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.
The Coronavirus or COVID-19 is a newly discovered – or “novel” – Coronavirus. There are many types of Coronaviruses can be a group of related RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, these viruses cause respiratory tract infections that can range from mild to lethal. Mild illnesses include some cases of the common cold, while more lethal varieties can cause MERS, SARS, and COVID-19 that generally circulate among humans and cause a variety of illnesses, including the common cold and other mild upper-respiratory tract diseases. COVID-19 is different from these previously identified viruses.
It is a new Coronavirus
Due to the extremely contagious and potentially deadly nature of this disease, special care should be taken in evaluating and caring for persons with symptoms or definitive laboratory diagnosis of COVID-19.
Naming the Coronavirus 2019 and COVID-19
In February 2020 the World Health Organization stated that the “OFFICIAL” name for the disease which was causing the 2019 novel Coronavirus Outbreak would be abbreviated to
CO stands for Corona
VI stands for Virus
D stands for Disease
19 stands for Year of Outbreak 2019
Coronaviruses are types of viruses, most of which have relatively mild effects, if any. Some cause illness in people, while others only infect animals. In rare cases, animal Coronaviruses have crossed over to infect and spread in human populations. It is suspected that COVID-19 originated from an animal source and was transferred to a human who then spread the disease to others. This theory has not been confirmed, however, and while epidemiological investigations are underway, the first human case (also known as Patient Zero) has not yet been identified.
A great video for a simple straight forward explanation of COVID-19 can be found here.